Listen to Madore-Ogilvie vs. Ogilvie Estate.
This week on Hull on Estates, Rick and Sean discuss the case of Madore-Ogilvie vs. Ogilvie Estate which was recently featured in the CCH periodical Will Power.
Some of those persons that may make dependant’s relief claims include:
(a) the deceased’s wife or husband;
(b) a brother or sister of the deceased;
(c) a former wife or husband of the deceased;
(d) a child or grandchild of the deceased; and
(e) a person treated by the deceased as a child of the family in relation to any marriage of the deceased.
The limits set out by the legislators on testamentary power are not firmly entrenched; however, there is still a struggle between the choice of providing a reasonable level of support for dependants and the enforcement of a moral duty of a deceased to divide his or her estate amongst his or her dependants. As for the powers of the Court to make an order for support, section 58(1) of the Succession Law Reform Act provides as follows:
- 58. (1) Where a deceased, whether testate or intestate, has not made adequate provision for the proper support of his dependants or any of them, the Court, on application, may order that such provision as it considers adequate be made out of the estate of the deceased for the proper support of the dependants or any of them.
Some preliminary considerations include:
(a) support claims are paid out of testate or intestate estates;
(b) "proper support" is truly a term of art and we will explore it in future blogs;
(c) the "Court" means the Superior Court of Justice;
(d) the claim must be made on Application;
(e) much like "proper support", "adequate provision" is a term of art that needs careful consideration; and
(f) the claim may be paid out of the assets of the estate, meaning estate assets in the usual sense plus any "clawed back" assets referred to in section 72.
In an effort to discuss claims against an estate that relate to dependant support and to claims of the surviving spouse, we thought it would be interesting to embark on a mini-series on the topic.
Family Law Act Claims
Subject to a contract to the contrary, section 6(1) of the Family Law Act provides for the right of the surviving spouse to make an equalization claim against the assets of the estate.
Since the 1970s, a general statutory proposition prevails that the value of "family property" should be split up equally when the marriage ends, regardless of which spouse holds to the property.
With the coming into force of the Family Law Reform Act, 1986 (R.S.O. 1980, c.152 (repealed and replaced by the Family Law Act 1986, S.O. 1986, c.4)), Ontario established a deferred community of property regime, which added a new dimension in relation to its impact upon surviving spouses and estates of deceased spouses and other persons who have an interest in their estates.