Cyberbullying Legislation Applied to Siblings in Estate Dispute
Sibling rivalry coupled with the loss of a parent and an actual or perceived impropriety of one sibling in handling his or her estate can turn even the closest siblings into sparring adversaries.
While such emotionally charged disputes often become heated, most siblings are able to maintain civility in their dealings.
What happens when one sibling takes it too far? Can the courts step in to reel that sibling in?
According to a recent ruling of the Nova Scotia Supreme Court, Nova Scotia (Public Safety) v. Lee, 2015 NSSC 71, they may have expanded powers to prevent or restrict behavior that amounts to Cyberbullying.
The facts of this case involve a particularly heated dispute which arose between a brother (“Mr. Lee”) and sister (“Ms. Murray”) in relation to their late mother’s estate. Prior to her death, their mother had been diagnosed with brain cancer. Ms. Murray and her family moved in with their mother and cared for her throughout her illness. Several months prior to her death, their mother attended upon a solicitor and executed a new will which left her entire estate to Ms. Murray upon her death. Upon learning that their mother had left everything to his sister, Mr. Lee began what the court referred to as a “progression of online abuse” against Ms. Murray by way of text messages, email and public Facebook posts.
The aggressive text messages began when Ms. Murray refused to vacate the mother’s home, and included messages such as:
“[y]ou are dead to me get your lying manipulative abusive [a—] out of that [f—g] house or I will send the RCMP.”
Mr. Lee also sent emails threatening to inform her employer of her alleged misdeeds with respect to their mother’s estate and began posting a series of public messages to his Facebook wall including:
“Does anybody out there in Facebook land think it is ok for the caregiver of a 67 year old lady dying of brain tumours & loaded up with narcotics, take that 67 year old lady into the lawyers office days (literally days) before the lady dies of those same brain tumours and have the lady sign everything she owns (and some stuff she didn’t own) over to the caregiver???? Because that is exactly what my sister did And [sic], any of you cowards in my family that read this and then go “tsk tsk” behind my back and leave my Mother dead and undefended should be as ashamed of yourselves as Veronica should be.”
Ms. Murry filed a complaint with CyberSCAN who asked Mr. Lee to remove the offensive comments and formally apologize to Ms. Murray. Mr. Lee responded with the following Facebook post:
“I said my sister was a lying, manipulative fraudulent thief….. The Cyberscan people said I really should apologize, so here goes, and it is heartfelt and sincere. I am truly deeply and sincerely sorry that my sister is a lying, manipulative, fraudulent thief.”
In response, the Nova Scotian Director of Public Safety applied for a Cyberbullying Prevention Order against Mr. Lee pursuant to s. 26D(1) of the Safer Communities and Neighbourhoods Act, S.N.S. 2006, c. 6.
Upon hearing the case, the Court granted the Cyber Prevention Order and ordered that Mr. Lee delete all the online comments made to or about his sister and that he refrain from such conduct going forward.
Canadian laws are evolving to protect against all forms of Cyberbullying. In 2013, Nova Scotia introduced the Cyber-Safety Act, S.N.S. 2013, c.2, which defines Cyberbullying broadly and provides wide ranging powers to the Director of Public Safety under the Safer Communities and Neighbourhoods Act, S.N.S. 2006, c. 6 to provide recourse for behavior such as Mr. Lee’s.
While, Nova Scotia is the first province to enact such sweeping legislation, the other provinces are starting to take note of the important role such legislation can play. As such, while no equivalent law currently exists in Ontario, it could soon land on Ontario’s legislative agenda.
A useful Fact Sheet outlining the Cyberbullying legislation that currently exists across Canada can be found here.
Thank you for reading,